This study delves into the profound connection between science education and the socio-economic development of Nigeria. The paper explores the transformative potential of science education as a catalyst for socio-economic development in Nigeria. It examines how science education fosters innovation, shapes a skilled workforce, and drives economic diversification. By nurturing a scientifically literate populace, Nigeria can navigate challenges and seize opportunities in a rapidly changing global landscape. The paper emphasizes policy implications, including holistic education reform, industry collaboration, and international partnerships. Ultimately, science education emerges as a dynamic tool that can empower Nigeria to drive innovation, enhance competitiveness, and build a resilient and prosperous future.