Quite a lot of techniques proven to be resourceful have been espoused to develop iris recognition system. Nearly hybridized, supervised and unsupervised artificial neural network techniques have been used individually in iris recognition system and other pattern recognitions but have not been compared based on some performance metrics. Counter Propagation Neural Network (CPNN) is a hybridized technique, Self-Organizing Feature Map (SOFM) is an unsupervised learning technique and Back Propagation Neural Network (BPNN) is a supervised learning technique. This research conducted a performance comparison of CPNN, SOFM and BPNN techniques to recognize iris dataset and establish the more efficient among the three techniques. A database of Three hundred (300) iris images was acquired from LAUIRIS dataset from LAUTECH Biometric Research Group database. The original images of 640*360 dimensions were resized to 200*200 without any alteration in the image using 80% for training and 20% for testing. Hough transform was applied to segment locate the iris region of eye image. Daugman’s Rubber Sheet Model was used to create a dimensionally consistent representation. Principle Component Analysis was applied for feature extraction and dimensionally reduction. Finally, classification and matching were done by using CPNN, SOFM and BPNN techniques. This was implemented using MATLAB (Matrix Laboratory) R2016b. The performance metrics used for classification were False Positive Rate (FPR), Sensitivity, Specificity, Re, cognition Accuracy and Recognition Time at 0.70 threshold value.The Recognition Accuracy (RA), Recognition Time (RT), False Acceptance Rate (FAR), Sensitivity and Specificity of the three selected techniques (CPNN, SOFM and BPNN) resulted in values of 95.17%, 177.48s, 6.33% and 93.67% for CPNN 92.50%, 179.69s, 9.00%, 94.00% and 90.99% for SOFM while BPNN had 91.17%, 187.88s, 10.33%, 92.67% and 89.67% respectively.This paper showed that CPNN classification technique performed best for iris recognition system in terms of RA and recognition time. This research output will serve as a basis to pre-inform and guide researchers in choosing an efficient kernel based feature extraction technique.
Citation: Oyebode O. O., Oladimeji O. A., Adelekun A., Akomolafe T. A. (2023) Performance Evaluation of Selected Classification Algorithms for Iris Recognition System, European Journal of Computer Science and Information Technology, Vol.11, No.2, pp.1-12