A Cross sectional study was carried out to determine the prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis in five Peasant associations of Limu Seka District of Jimma Zone, Oromia Ethiopia from January 2019 to March 2019. From five peasant association, 409 Cattle were randomly selected and examined for Trypanosomosis. The overall prevalence of Bovine Trypanosomosis was 8.5% of which Trypanosoma congolense infection was 17.15%, Trypanosoma vivax infection was 82.85% with statistically significant difference (P=0.00). A significant association was observed (P<0.05) between the disease positivity and body condition score. When the mean packed cell volume of Trypanosome infected Animals was compared with that of non- infected Animals, it was significantly lower (P<0.05) in the infected Animals. In conclusion, Trypanosomosis caused by T. congolense, T. vivax with more prevalence of T.vivax remained the main constraint to Animal production and Agricultural development in the study area.
Keywords: Bovine, Limu Seka, PCV, prevalence Trypanosome